Oversampling gives worse results

I have this particular data distribution.

To improve my training results I thought I would use the OverSamplingCallback to re-balance the distribution. But when I use it, I get significantly worse results.

Assuming I’ve chosen good learning rates, and kept all the hyperparameters constant, is there any reason why that would be?

FYI I am using this in a regression problem rather than as a classification problem. Would this have any affect?

The following is the Oversampling callback being used:

from torch.utils.data.sampler import WeightedRandomSampler

class OverSamplingCallback(LearnerCallback):
    def __init__(self,learn:Learner,weights:torch.Tensor=None):
        self.labels = self.learn.data.train_dl.dataset.y.items
        _, counts = np.unique(self.labels,return_counts=True)
        self.weights = (weights if weights is not None else
        self.label_counts = np.bincount([self.learn.data.train_dl.dataset.y[i].data for i in range(len(self.learn.data.train_dl.dataset))])
        self.total_len_oversample = int(self.learn.data.c*np.max(self.label_counts))
    def on_train_begin(self, **kwargs):
        self.learn.data.train_dl.dl.batch_sampler = BatchSampler(WeightedRandomSampler(self.weights,self.total_len_oversample), self.learn.data.train_dl.batch_size,False)

Over sampling is usually done on classification data, not regression. I’m curious to why you want to do this for regression?

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The best way would be look at some of the kaggle competitions with unbalanced regression problems. There are some but I am not remembering their name right now.

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That’s the bit I wasn’t certain on actually. If oversampling was useful for regression problems? For context I am working on the 2019 diabetic retinopathy competition on Kaggle.

I am currently getting better results treating it as a regression problem rather than as a classification problem, so I wanted to see if I could improve on that using oversampling.

But maybe oversampling is useful only if you are dealing with a classification problem?