# [Lesson 2] Model Diagnosis for My Project

Hello world. I am currently on part 1 lesson 2 and I am trying to implement the general steps suggested by Jeremy for fine-tuning model on my own project. The project I am doing is to classify dresses type from dresses images. The data have 5 classes (ard 2400 training images/ 200 validation images/ 200 test images for each class). By the way I am implementing each steps, a few questions pop up on my mind, some related to model performance and some related to some practices that Jeremy didn’t raise in the lecture. I will post my steps one by one here. Your help or answers would be much appreciated!

Step 1: Finding optimal learning rate for training last layer with precompute = True
I don’t have any difficulties and questions in this step. As suggested by the attached picture below, 1e-2 turn to be a suitable learning rate.

Step 2: Train the last layer with precompute = True
My question to this step is related to the number of epochs. While Jeremy suggests to train the model with only 1-2 epochs. I found that the model performance keeps improving with epochs (for both training and validation set). In this case, I set epochs to be 10 and it seems the training can tolerate even more epochs.

In this step, should I keep increase the epochs until it shows sign of overfitting? (i.e loss of training set is way lower than that of validation set)

Step 3: Finding optimal learning rate again for training last layer with data augmentation and precompute = False
As demonstrated in lesson 2, we firstly train the last layer with precompute = True, followed by one more training on last layer with precompute = False with data augmentation. I doubt if the two training steps would have the same learning rates. Currently I didn’t implement this step in my project, but the question naturally pops up:
Is it reasonable to find the learning rate again for training last layer with data augmentation and precompute = False?

Step 4: Training last layer with data augmentation and precompute = False
Without doing step 3, I kept the learning rate = 1e-2 in this step. In turns out the model slightly improve after the training. (accuracy 0.787 before this step v.s. accuracy = 0.793 after this step)
In this step, I have questions related to the setting of fastai package:
I noticed that the training in this step starts with the loss and accuracy (accuracy = 0.777, validation loss = 0.580) very similar to final results in step 2 (accuracy = 0.787, validation loss = 0.594). I assume the model didn’t reset the weight and re-learn again. Could I say that the training process in “learn” object is always on top of the latest training result?

Step 5: Find optimal learning rate again for differential learning of remaining layers
Similar to the logic above, I tried to find optimal learning rate again for the remaining layers. I set the grid search range of learning rate to be 1e-16 to 1e-2 as I assume the optimal learning rate would be much smaller than 1e-2. Below are the find_lr() results. From the learning-rate against loss plot, we found that in most learning rate range, the loss function is increasing. Decrease only occurs very shortly. The most stable decrease occurs when learning rate < 1e-14.
In this case, how should I select my optimal learning rate? Is the above result reliable? Should I rerun the find_lr() again with even smaller range of learning rate? (e.g 1e-30 - 1e-14.)

Besides that, I found that the find_lr() has brought the model to a worse performance (i.e at the end of the learning-rate against loss plot, loss = 0.81x) Would the next training step inherits such worse performance? If it does, should I reset the kernel and train again without running the find_lr()?

Step 6: Training remaining layers differential learning rate
At the end I decided to pick 1e-16 as the learning rate for the remaining layers. I trained the model with 4 cycles, but it turns out the model performance gets worse than the model performance in step 2… (accuracy = 0.787 in step 2 v.s. accuracy = 0.730 in this step)

Does anyone has any clues to the reasons? Is it related to the last find_lr() procedures?

Sorry that the post may be a bit long and messy with many questions. I would appreciate if anyone could give me any insights! Thank you

Could you please share how you set up your data? E.g. the folder structure and the way you initialize the learner?

The configuration is basically very similar to the one in lesson 2’s notebook.

For model, I use pre-trained resnet34.

For data object, I use from_paths() to pull the data. Training, validation and test data are stored in different folders. For each partition folder, each classes are stored in different sub-folder.

Attached are more spec about the model. I could give you more spec if you need.