Aristotle and deep learning


I am not sure to be in the right category.
By reading some references in recent paper, I have started to read “artificial intelligence structures and strategies for complex problem solving” by George Luger. This is a massive book from 2005 in its 6th edition. I don’t think it has been updated since that.
And the author starts a writing of AI history.

I have been intrigued by the use of the opening sentence from Aristotle in the Metaphysics: “All men by nature desire to know…”. I remembered that sentence (without knowing it was from Aristotle), and I jumped to The Metaphysics _ Aristotle’s wikipedia page (the French one). There is a nice presentation of The MetaPhysics and some extracts that I have found quite interesting. One of them following “All men by nature desire to know” is detailing what is art and science; and for art: one need to be able to recognize similar cases and be able to generalize to an (more) universal rule.

I cannot not see a link with what is happening in what we do on a daily basis in AI and deep learning. I had been surprised by Jeremy’s curriculum (if I am not wrong he has a major) in Philosophy, and I better understand why he is so good in what he does.

Should have studied Philosophy and ancient Greek!

Would love to know your thoughts about that. (and if anyone can ask Jeremy’s without directly @ him)

I believe the study of a subject develops the mind to facilitate the study of another later. Jeremy was also a McKinsey scholar so they recognized talent. The Greek letters are within the Deep Learning papers via the Mathematical symbols and the question we all ask to which there may not be an answer is - Will I ever understand why Deep Learning works (the approximation theory) and Does it really work?
This answer may have been generated by GPT-2.

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Hi guillaumeramelet hope all is well!

Can you expand on this point please to ensure I have understood you correctly.

Cheers mrfabulous1 :smiley: :smiley:

Here is a more detailed analysis of Aristotle thought: (again from wikipedia, not my own ;))

By nature, all animals are sentient; but sensation is not yet sufficient to produce knowledge: indeed, remarks Aristotle, sensation engenders memory or not. But animals endowed with memory are the most intelligent and the best able to learn. However, man “lives on art and reasoning.” To learn, you have to feel, remember, but man has the capacity to draw experience from these simple images and from a multitude of experimental notions emerges a single judgment that is universal in all similar cases: it is what constitutes art: “Science and art arise for men through experience” 10. Art therefore presupposes: the ability to recognize similar cases and the ability to apply a universal rule to these cases.

Of experience and art, which is more perfect? In practical life, experience seems superior to art, because it is knowledge of the particular, of the individual: sensations, the foundation of knowledge of the particular, are not science and do not teach us the why ( διότι). Art, for its part, knows the universal and goes beyond individual things, it is to art that knowledge and the faculty of understanding belong: men of art know the why and the cause. The wisest are wise not by practical skill, but by theory (λόγος) and knowledge of the causes. This explains the superiority of the architect over the maneuver.

The sign of this knowledge is that it can be taught; now men of art can teach. However, among the arts some relate to the necessities of life and others come from “leisure” which is knowledge sought for itself, as in mathematics. And through these appears the highest knowledge, wisdom, which has for its object the first causes and the first principles of what-is; therefore the theoretical sciences are superior to the practical sciences.

From observations (rows of data) we can recognize similar cases (patterns or embeddings) and identify universal rules (models?)

Hi MrF

I think Jeremy mention that text prediction uses Deep Learning.
Netflik, Amazon use sentiment analysis to recommend.
Face recognition used by Governments to monitor people.
The most dangerous are the Embeddings when AI says this is interesting and we could believe it.

Regards Conwyn